How to Use Data Analytics in Health Sciences?

Exploring health sciences through data analytics involves using available real-time information to gain insights, make informed decisions, and improve outcomes in the healthcare domain. We live in the era of modern data sciences, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning. Hence, it is timely needed to utilise data analytics in health sciences to get advanced knowledge for better implementation decisions. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to approach this exploration.    

Lahore-UBAS offers various study programmes for biology and applied sciences domain. Therefore, this article will upgrade your perspective regarding the benefits and usage of data and data analytics in health sciences to make informed decisions in the life-concerning field.   

Define Objectives and Research Questions  

Clearly define the goals of your exploration or research. What specific aspects of health sciences do you want to analyse or improve through data analytics? Formulate research questions that guide your analysis. In medical or health sciences, research is an integral part of progress. The same is the case with data science research.   

Similarly, it is essential to set objectives and research question formulations when using data analytics in the health sciences domain.    

Identify Relevant Data Sources  

The next step is the identification of reliable data sources. It is always best to check the source of information to have confidence in its data and consequential results. Hence, it is always advised to determine the data types relevant to your research objectives. Data sources can include:  

  • Electronic Health Records,   
  • Clinical Trial Data,   
  • Public Health Databases,   
  • Genomic Data, and more.

    Data Analytics in Health Sciences 

Data Collection and Integration  

In the next step, gather the necessary data from diverse sources. Ensure that the data collected is of high quality, and if needed, integrate data from vast and multi-layered sources to create a comprehensive dataset.  

If data collection from multiple sources is possible in health sciences and health care. It will enhance the credibility of available data. In healthcare, different tools are used for data collection, cleaning, and analysis.  Furthermore, primary data is collected from direct data collection and through books and published research; it is called a secondary data source.   

Data Cleaning and Preprocessing  

Once you collect data from primary or secondary sources, cleaning the data by handling missing values, removing outliers, and addressing any inconsistencies for ready-to-use data is essential. Preprocess the data to make it suitable for data analysis, including normalisation and transformation as needed.  

The primary data here converts into secondary data sources once processed. It stays safe in collective data analytics. Furthermore, for doctors and medical practitioners, it becomes very convenient to trace back the medical history of any patient at any time of need.  

Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA)  

Once your data is ready, you can conduct exploratory data analysis to understand the patterns, trends, and relationships within the data. Visualisation techniques can be valuable in gaining insights and identifying potential areas for further investigation. 

Through this method, you can get real-time data regarding the various aspects of any subject of health sciences by processing the data analytics. This technique is equally suitable for various applied sciences.   

Hypothesis Testing and Statistical Analysis  

Now, test the research question you have drafted in the initial stages. Formulate hypotheses based on your research objectives and conduct statistical analyses to test these hypotheses. Determine the significance of observed patterns or relationships.  

In this way, you can draft decisions and gather facts. This will lead you to add up proven theories or rejected statements or myths related to different health science lines and sublines. Hence, you can explore many arenas by using data analytics in health sciences.   

Predictive Modelling and Machine Learning  

Once the statistical results are drafted, it’s time to apply predictive modelling and machine learning algorithms to make predictions or classifications based on your data. This can include predicting patient outcomes, disease risk, or treatment effectiveness. In this way, you can use data analytics, data analytics algorithms and data analytics sources for a longer time. You can also testify to the progress and statements that may be new at any time.   

Clinical Decision Support Systems  

Health Sciences are very closely related to health care. Therefore, data analytics can also be applied and beneficial for the healthcare sector on national and international levels.   

You can develop or integrate data analytics tools into clinical workflows to provide healthcare professionals with real-time information and decision support. This can help in personalised patient care and treatment planning.  

In this way, the workflow would be smoother, and the chance of errors and omissions would be reduced to a greater extent.    

Ethical Considerations and Data Security  

Health sciences and healthcare are both highly sensitive. Hence, ensure compliance with ethical standards and data security protocols, especially when dealing with sensitive health information. Protect patient privacy and adhere to regulations such as Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Acts (abroad) or any other acts as the local or international laws are concerned.    

Ongoing Analysis and Continuous Improvement  

Data analytics in health sciences is often a continuous process. Therefore, when conducting research in health care or health sciences, it is important to regularly analyse and refine your models based on new data and insights. Stay informed about advancements in both data analytics and health sciences.   

Remember, data and methods can both become obsolete quickly.  The data analytics tools usually utilised in health care are three steps: collection, cleaning, and analysis.  

Collaborate with Domain Experts  

Ensure to work closely with healthcare professionals and domain experts to ensure that your data analytics approach aligns with clinical realities and contributes meaningfully to healthcare outcomes.  

In a nutshell  

By keeping these steps in mind, you can systematically explore health sciences through data analytics. It will help you contribute to advancements in healthcare research, patient care, and overall well-being. In Pakistan, all these things are often practised on manual and outdated procedures, which is both time-consuming and tiring. Furthermore, with data analytics in health sciences, we can work on individual and social improvement in the healthcare sector.  

World Diabetes Day 2023

Diabetes is one of the life-long and non-reversible body malfunctions. In this, the body fails to manage the carbohydrates, and eventually, the glucose levels in the blood rise. When unmanaged, they attack the major organs of humans and often result in complex cardiovascular, kidney, eyesight, and nervous system problems. To spread awareness, the international diabetes federation (IDF) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) observe World Diabetes Day 2023.  

World Diabetes Day 2023 

To raise awareness around the globe, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and World Health Organisation (WHO) have joined hands to observe November 14th every year as ‘World Diabetes Day’. This year, WHO aims to emphasise the need for proper professional care for patients with diabetes. Moreover, to pursue a healthy population to live an active and healthy life to stay prevented from this deadly body disease.  

Key Facts About Diabetes in 2023 

Some of the complications and real facts about diabetes are as follows.  

  • Type 1, type 2 and Gestational Diabetes are the major types of diabetes. 
  • Diabetes type 1 cannot be avoided. It is frequently possible to prevent type 2 diabetes by eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, keeping a normal body weight, and quitting smoking. 
  • Diabetes is a leading cause of lower limb amputation, heart attacks, strokes, blindness, and renal failure. 
  •  Regular screening and treatment can prevent or delay the consequences associated with diabetes. 
  •  To help with early detection, people with diabetes should get routine screenings for complications. This covers routine eye checks, foot assessments, and renal disease screening. 
  • According to the latest polls, Type 2 diabetes affects over 500 million people worldwide. Comparably, in Pakistan, about 26.7% of adults have diabetes by 2022, accounting for 33,000,000 people in total.   
  • Every 1 in 2 people is an undiagnosed patient with diabetes.  

Diabetes- Body Dysfunction 

Diabetes is a body disturbance that is caused when the body becomes insulin-resistant. Either the body does not produce enough insulin or does not manage it.  

Diabetes Symptoms  

The possible symptoms of diabetes are listed below. If you feel any of these in your body, please get yourself checked for blood sugar testing.   

  1. Frequent nighttime urination;   
  2. A feeling of extreme thirst;   
  3. Sudden and spontaneous weight loss;   
  4. Feeling of intense hunger;   
  5. Blurred vision or difficulty in focus building;   
  6. Tingling or numb hands or feet;   
  7. Extreme and constant exhaustion;   
  8. Dry skin;   
  9. Catching more infections than usual  
  10. The wound-healing process is slow  

World Diabetes Day 2023

Causes of Diabetes  

These symptoms are common in patients with diabetes. However, patients with type 2 diabetes may experience them, but they are not detectable at younger ages. The type-2 diabetes develops over time, slowly and gradually. Therefore, some of the risk factors that may lead towards type-2 diabetes are penned below to have an eye on.   

  • Age around or above 45  
  • Overweight body structure  
  • Have a diagnosed type-2 diabetes in biological family (parent, brother, sisters)  
  • Less physical activities    
  • Presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver.   
  • Bad stress management  
  • Race and Ethnicity   

Type 1 Diabetes 

Type 1 diabetes is a condition when the body does not produce any insulin or produces less than a body requirement. It is also known as ‘insulin-dependent diabetes’. It is also known as Juvenile Diabetes. However, the other type of diabetes, which is more common in adults and preventable, is Type 2 diabetes.  

Therefore, if a person falls prey to type 1 diabetes, they can manage their blood glucose levels with the help of the following techniques.  

  • Insulin Injection 
  • Continuous Glucose Monitoring 
  • Carbohydrate Monitoring 
  • Diet and Nutrition 
  • Exercise 

In the following, we shall look at some healthy lifestyle options which can be helpful in avoiding the deadly ailment of diabetes.  

How to Avoid Type 2 Diabetes?  

There is a famous elderly saying: prevention is better than cure. The same applies to type 2 diabetes, as there is no absolute cure for this body disorder. However, we can prevent diabetes type 2 with the following.   

There are some of the factors that are beyond the control; family history, age factor and race and ethnicity are some of them. On the contrary, there are factors which can reduce the risk of diabetes type 2 to the maximum level naturally. You can practice the following easy but constant steps to prevent type 2 diabetes. There is a piece of great news that we can prevent prediabetes and type 2 diabetes with some lifestyle changes.   

Maintain a healthy body weight. Avoid being obese as it increases the risk of being diabetic from 20 to 40 times.   

Active Lifestyle is a healthy lifestyle. Move your muscles and let them work hard to absorb the glucose and use insulin effectively. In this regard, there is no need for heavy workouts twice a week. However, merely a brisk walk of 30 minutes on a regular basis reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes by 30%  

Furthermore, eat healthy if you want to avoid the development of type 2 diabetes. Choose whole grains and whole grain products instead of processed foods. Replace artificial, sugar-added drinks with water, coffee or tea. Increase the intake of nuts, fruits, and healthy fats like beans, grains, nuts, and fish intake and reduce red meat intake. Furthermore, it would be best if you manage your stress levels on a daily basis. Effective stress management is essential for a sound mind and healthy body.   


November 14 is observed as the ‘World Diabetes Day’ every year. Diabetes is one of the major reasons of death and disabilities worldwide. Till today, there is no cure for diabetes. Hence, a healthy lifestyle, clean eating and stress management is the only way to prevent diabetes. Let’s decide on World Diabetes Day 2023 to maintain a healthy lifestyle. 






Functional Genomics – An Innovative Field of Microbiology

If you are interested in studying microbiology, you should also know that it contains a modern sub-field called functional genomics. It contains all the beneficial and advanced knowledge on gene sequencing, genomics, genetic modifications and much more. Moreover, you would be delighted to know that you can study all these knowledgeable aspects at Lahore University of Biological and Applied Sciences (Lahore-UBAS).  

Additionally, you will gain major concepts of gene functioning of different organisms in our BS Microbiology degree. So, start exploring our amazing degrees and curriculums, and start from here by reading the contents of this article. 

What is Functional Genomics? 

Functional Genomics is a field of microbiology which elaborates on the functioning and interaction of genes and the intergenic regions of the genome that contribute to different biological functions. Furthermore, when a researcher studies this field, they typically study genes or regions on a “genome-wide” scale.  

So, it focuses on dynamic gene expression concerning a specific context (such as at the time of growth or during illness). It particularly studies how the individual components of a biological system work to possess a specific trait in an organism (phenotype). 

Difference Between Genomics and Functional Genomics 

Well, whenever there is a talk of genomics, there is a discussion on functional genomics, too. So, genomics is the study of the whole genome including genes and all the alterations and their implication on the genome. But does it mean all genomics are the same or functional? No, as I described above, it is studied on different levels.  

Levels of Focus of Functional Genomics 

Levels of Focus of Functional Genomics 

There are a variety of genomics which are functional approaches which are focused on the following levels according to the specifications of the research or study: 

  1. DNA Level (genomics and epigenomics) 
  2. RNA Level (transcriptomics) 
  3. Protein Level (proteomics) 
  4. Metabolite Level (metabolomics) 

As this is our main concern here, we should get to know how it differs from genomics. For this reason, read the next heading. 

Thus, genetics studies only a specific gene while genomics deals with the whole genome. But this elaborative field of genomics goes further as it attempts to reveal the secret of nature and how genomics affects health and disease in the complicated environment of our bodies and cells. 

Benefits of Functional Genomics 

Now, if we talk about what will you learn and what beneficial knowledge you can get by studying this field of modern science, then you should read the following advantages here: 

  • Improved Disease Understanding 
  • Personalised Medicine 
  • Biomarker Discovery 
  • Drug Discovery 
  • Agricultural And Environmental Applications 
  • Gene Expression 
  • Encoded Protein Functions 
  • Genomic Sequence 

Scope of Functional Genomics 

Definitely, this modern field of science is very useful if you want a promising future. Because the scope of this is increasing day by day. We do not know but many microbiologists have contributed to building the future in which we are living. 

Moreover, you may not have any idea, but the vaccines are a gift of the hard work of some renowned microbiologists from all over the world. They made vaccines for yellow fever, polio and most recently, COVID-19. So, yes, this field can never grow old as there is a constant need for new genomics research in Pakistan and also, some of its interventions. 

Therefore, you can work as a professor, a scientist or a researcher in your choice of sub-field (for example, functional genomics) to pursue your career. Furthermore, there are many ongoing projects and startups in this branch of science. 

Genome Projects  

On an international level, in the UK, there have been many projects introduced to study genes, gene sequencing and all the other concerning concepts. In 2012, the 100,00 Genome Project started and it was completed in 2018. And you would be delighted to know that around 20-25% of the participants with rare diseases were diagnosed for the first time. In addition to that, more than half of the cancer participants were found to be eligible for targeted treatment or to join clinical trials. 

Since 2018, Dr Faisal Khan in Peshawar Pakistan has one of the best genomics startups in Pakistan. It is a precision medicine lab concerning the study and research of this topic which tells us that our country is also not behind in implementing the knowledge of the genome. There is other panels such as the Cardiac Genes Panel, Inherited Disorder Panel, HLA panel and others also working in our country.  

Hence, this field is the future of all the biological sciences and if you want to stay up to date on the new applications, then you should consider getting a professional education in microbiology.  

BS Microbiology Teaches Functional Genomics at Lahore-UBAS 

Whoever wants to learn more in detail about the field of functional genomics should study BS Microbiology and where else you can get a better course than at Lahore-UBAS? So, you should fully explore microbiology and all its concerning sub-fields before deciding on your future.  

Upgrade your Concepts of Modern Science with Our Teachings. 

Learn About BS Environmental Science Scope in Pakistan

Are you interested in learning about sustainable ways to help our environment? But you do not know how to help the environment? No worries, because you can study an amazing undergraduate degree which is beneficial for your future, as well. Because the BS Environmental Science Scope is rising day by day in Pakistan and also on an international level. 

What is Environmental Science? 

In this article, I will tell you about environmental science, but I should ask you first, do you have any idea about what an environment is? Well, an environment, in simple words, includes everything in the surroundings of an individual, animal or plant. So, the science which deals with the study of all the factors affecting a specific environment is known as environmental science. 

Another word which is used for it is environmental engineering. Moreover, it consists of the fields such as: 

  • Ecology 
  • Biology 
  • Chemistry 
  • Geography and much more 

Thus, if you are interested in learning about all the amazing information this field has to offer, then you should apply to an outstanding university. Your choice of university should be HEC-recognised and fully equipped with all the amazing features. Therefore, you should look into the fall admissions 2023 at Lahore University of Biological and Applied Sciences (Lahore-UBAS). 

Bachelor of Environmental Science at Lahore-UBAS 

We believe that every one of you, who is eager to learn about all the innovative teachings of the field of environmental sciences should enrol at our university. It is not only because we offer the best and HEC-approved curriculum, but we have a lot of other useful features, too. To know about it more, you are always welcome to visit our official site. 

BS Environmental Science Subjects at Our Institute 

If you want to get the most out of this degree, you should choose a university which offers a comprehensive course syllabus with all the beneficial subjects with topics like the following: 

  • Environmental Policy 
  • Pollution Control 
  • Resource Management 
  • Climate Change 
  • Biodiversity Conservation 
  • Sustainable Practices 

Furthermore, you can prolong your studies and opt for a specialisation in the below-mentioned areas: 

  1. Environmental Chemistry 
  2. Renewable Energy 
  3. Environmental Health 
  4. Environmental Policy 
  5. Ecosystem Management 

Thus, you can always prosper in future after studying at our top-notch institute, because we have the best faculty which is comprised of all the skilful professors.  

BS Environmental Science Scope 

There are many issues currently prevailing in our world like ozone depletion, loss of global diversity, scarce energy resources, global warming, deforestation etc. Therefore, there is a high increase in the demand for the BS Environmental Science degree in Pakistan especially on international grounds.   

BS Environmental Science Scope 

As the scope of this undergraduate programme is soaring high, so as the job opportunities in multiple fields such as: 

  1. Engineering Companies 
  2. Agriculture Firms 
  3. Forest Industry 
  4. Construction Companies 
  5. Horticulture Centres 
  6. Environment Protection Centres 
  7. Government Institutes 
  8. Academia 
  9. Non-Profitable Organisations 

So, you should be thinking about what you will do after joining the above-mentioned organisations. For this reason, you should read the content below as I have mentioned the jobs you can apply to after your graduation. 

Multiple Career Opportunities 

I know every one of you is looking for a field which will ensure a good income in future. Therefore, you can choose to work in the field of environmental science to play the following roles: 

  1. Environmental Specialist 
  2. Marine Biologist 
  3. Environmental Technician 
  4. Wildlife Biologist 
  5. Environment Science Teacher 
  6. Microbiologist  
  7. Environmental Chemist 
  8. Geographer or Geologist 
  9. Environmental Scientist 
  10. Nature Health Officer 
  11. Ecologist 
  12. Meteorologist 
  13. Environmental Lawyer 
  14. Water Quality Scientist 
  15. Environmental Health and Safety Officer 

To excel in these roles, you should have a strong grip on skills like composing lab reports, research, organisational skills, attention to detail, deductive reasoning, environmental sampling and proposing solutions to environmental issues.  

Ultimately, you should enrol yourself at our renowned educational institute right away for a bright future. But first, you should know whether you are eligible for this undergraduate programme at our university or not. 

Learn more through our other blog post. 

Our Eligibility Criteria for BS Environmental Science  

Firstly, you should at least have a score of 45%in your intermediate or A-levels. Secondly, you should have been a student of pre-medical to apply for this programme. 

Apply for Fall Admissions 2023 at Lahore-UBAS 

The good news is that the admissions in the Lahore University of Biological and Applied Sciences are open right now! So, you can apply online for the degree of BS Environmental Science via our 24/7 available admission portal. Moreover, you can also visit our university campus in Lahore and learn about our on-site admission procedure through our admission office. 

Do Not Wait any more and apply at Lahore-UBAS Right Now! 

Why Celebrating World Anaesthesia Day is Important?

Do you have any idea about what anaesthesia is and why spreading its awareness is important? First of all, let me tell you that on 16-Oct, every year, World Anaesthesia Day is celebrated. Here, you might want to know why it is important. Therefore, I have mentioned all the brief information from its history to its significance in the content below. 

History of Anaesthesia 

The first-ever anaesthesiologist, William T. G. Morton, administered diethyl ether anaesthesia successfully on 16 October 1846. World Anaesthesia Day was established to celebrate the significance of this historic day. Additionally, one should know how much it has contributed to the medical world. Moreover, it is also known as the National Anaesthesia Day which is celebrated by the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists. 

Over 150 countries host several events and post on social media to spread awareness of this day. Every individual should know the importance of anaesthesiologists in this world. It is the revolutionary medical field which enables doctors to administer pain-free surgeries and other medical procedures.  

In today’s modern times, to remember past success, every history which embarks on a positive change for the upcoming years should be celebrated. Thus, you must want to know how it is making a change in today’s world. So, keep on reading this article to get an idea about this medical field until the end. 

What is Anaesthesia? 

A drug which is given by a professional anesthesiologist to prevent pain or discomfort in the patient is known as an anaesthetic. It is used in a variety of medical procedures, especially for surgeries. Moreover, it is available in a lot of different forms such as: 

types of anaesthesia

  1. General  
  2. Regional  
  3. Local 

An anesthesiologist assesses every medical condition and then makes a decision about which form is more feasible. If there is an open-heart surgery, general anaesthesia will be administered. Similarly, local anaesthesia is used for other medical procedures including some dental surgeries such as root canals. Furthermore, regional one is administered to help with the pain in the parts like hands, feet etc. (mainly for orthopaedic surgeries).  

Limitations of Anaesthetics in Pakistan 

Due to ongoing challenges and inflation issues, there has been a shortage of quality anaesthetics in public and private hospitals in Pakistan. In addition to that, there has been a lack in the quality of equipment provided in the healthcare centres which raises the question of the quality of experience given to the patient. 

Therefore, there is a need to work in this regard to make it better. And yes, there have been many interventions planned for the future. So, we hope to see a better work situation in the field of anaesthesia in the upcoming years. Furthermore, there is also a decrease in several skilled anaesthesiologists or anaesthetists which results in many opportunities for our future professionals to enjoy good job opportunities in Pakistan.  

But before choosing this degree for your future, you must know why it is important and what benefits it will bring to your professional career. 

Significance of Anaesthesia and Anaesthesiologists in the 21st Century 

This day not only commemorates the big success of the anaesthesiology field but also highlights the ongoing commitment to delivering safe and effective anaesthesia in the modern medical world. In the 21st century, there have been many advancements introduced but we still need this revolutionary field to help our patients to manage pain.  

A surgeon can do any surgery, but they need an anaesthesiologist on the front line of their medical team to have a safe and secure surgical procedure. Additionally, anaesthesiologists are of great importance because when a doctor needs to book an operation theatre, the first thing they do is to make sure of the availability of an anaesthesia expert. Because without them, our medical field cannot function properly. 

Thus, you should opt for this degree to have a promising future if you are interested in working with doctors to perform a wide range of medical procedures. Moreover, you can also help the poor and needy with pain management and other medical issues while working professionally. 

Events Happening on World Anaesthesia Day in Pakistan 2023 

Events Happening on World Anaesthesia Day in Pakistan 2023 

This day is important to spread awareness and knowledge about this field in Pakistan, too. Many hospitals and clinics are hosting pain management events on this day. This initiative can help our local population in a lot of ways. Like in Ghurki Trust and Teaching Hospital, Free Pain Management Clinic is happening right now to help people manage the pain of the following conditions: 

  1. Lower Back Pain (Sciatica) 
  2. Sports Injury 
  3. Arthritis Pain 
  4. Neurogenic Pain 
  5. Cervical Pain 
  6. Migraines and Headaches 
  7. Knee and Shoulder Pain 
  8. Other Chronic Aches 

This tells us that like other international countries, Pakistan is also taking initiative in the development of this field. So, if you want to become a reputable anaesthesiologist, then you should look for an exclusive undergraduate degree. Ultimately, you should search for a bachelor’s programme in Anaesthesia Technology from a well-known institute.  

Anaesthesiology – An Amazing Medical Field 

The Lahore University of Biological and Applied Sciences (Lahore-UBAS) is offering a top-notch BS Anaesthesia Technology degree for all intermediate (pre-medical) and A-level students. 

Learn more through our official website here. 

What Are the Five Warning Signs of Breast Cancer?

October is observed as a breast cancer month worldwide. Unfortunately, Pakistan tops the list of breast cancer patients in Asian countries. Breast Cancer is one of the major reasons for women’s mortality around the globe. And with Pakistan, the case is no different. Hence, Lahore-UBAS is sharing the top five warning signs to be aware of with respect to breast cancer. In addition, some of the preventive measures are also made a part of the following article. Let’s get started. 

Breast Cancer in Pakistan 

According to the statistics, 109 women die every 24 hours due to breast cancer in Pakistan. Breast Cancer is one of the most common reasons for women’s mortality. Globocan discloses about 28.7 per cent of women die of breast cancer in Pakistan.  

Eye-Opening Facts About Breast Cancer 

World Health Organisation (WHO) discloses the following eye-opening facts about breast cancer in Pakistan.  

  • Women above the age of fifty (50) are more prone to breast cancer.  
  • Younger women can also get the disease of breast cancer. 
  • Men can also fall prey to the disease of breast cancer.  
  • According to WHO, it is Pakistan’s second biggest reason for women’s mortality. 
  • An estimated 90,000 new cases of breast cancer are discovered each year in Pakistan, of which 40,000 individuals pass away from the disease because of late detection.  
  • Invasive breast cancer affected women over the age of 50 in 77% of cases, while survival rates were 90% if the disease was detected early. 

Further information is available in the WHO article.  

5 Warning Signs Related to Breast Cancer 

The human body is responsive. It shows various warning signs if any function is not in proper operational capacity within it. Similarly, during the development and growth of breast cancer, our body stays efficient and reflective to give us particular warning signs.  

The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explores Breast Cancer and shares ample information about breast cancer, development, risk factors, reduction, best cancer screening, diagnosis and further treatment. 

Alarming Signs of Breast Cancer

The top five (5) warning signs relating to breast cancer development are as follows.  

  1. Formation of Guilty Around Breasts or Armpits.  
  2. Thickening or Swelling Around the Breasts. 
  3. Any Change in Nipple or Around Nipple in Terms of Skin, Structure or Colour. 
  4. Sudden Size Variation in Any One of the Breasts.  
  5. Pain Or Discomfort Around Breasts or Armpit.  

It is professionally advised that women be aware of any frequent, sudden, or unexpected changes to their bodies. This helps to make an early diagnosis possible for women to get their selves checked by professional and authorised doctors.  

There are four breast cancer stages. The more advanced the stage is, the less recovery is. Always remember that a diagnosis at an early stage is better than a diagnosis at a later stage. And do you know what is even better than an early diagnosis? – Prevention! Better than cure! 

Anyways, God forbid if anyone gets breast cancer. Please go for a proper breast cancer treatment. Consult professional doctors, and you will be recovered soon.  

Prevention is Better Than Cure 

There are certain risk factors that are a part of our routine life, regular setup and lifestyle, due to which we become more at risk of breast cancer development in comparison to our normal, healthy and active counterparts. There are no known or definite causes of breast cancer. However, some of the risk factors may include anyone as follows.  

  • Family History 
  • Elderly Age Factor 
  • Obesity 
  • Smoking and Drugs 
  • No Breastfeeding & Pregnancy 
  • Late Childbirth 

However, all these factors can be skipped with the help of a healthy and active lifestyle. Also, you must ensure your intake of all the necessary vitamins and nutrients with your good and proper sleep.  

October- Breast Cancer Awareness Month 

Breast Cancer is on the rise. Countries like ours are more prone to cancer types, and breast cancer is unfortunately topping the list as a killer. Hence, the month of October is celebrated as Breast Cancer Awareness Month every year worldwide. Furthermore, October 19th is observed as Breast Cancer Awareness Day.  

Every one of us should make people around us aware of this deadly disease. There is no shame in spreading positivity, awareness, and knowledge to people around you. If you want to learn how every pink ribbon makes a difference, you must stay active and up-to-date.  

Final Words 

The Breast Cancer is the most common reason of death in women worldwide. Breast cancer awareness spreads with the help of pink ribbon.  This article shares five warning signs for breast cancer in any individual. It is always a practical approach to live an active and healthy life and keep an open eye on the changes occuring to your body.   

Seek a Career in the Medical Field with a BS MLT Degree

Are you a student who is interested in lab technologies or how a certain test determines a medical condition? If yes, then you should read this article to get a brief idea of the field of medical laboratory technology and the undergraduate degree of BS MLT in Pakistan. 

Introduction to Medical Laboratory Technology 

Firstly, let me tell you what medical laboratory technology is and what will you gain after studying this profession. So, medical laboratory technology combines the challenges and rewards of both the fields of medicine along laboratory sciences.  

Role of a Medical Laboratory Technologist 

As a professional medical technologist, you will assist in the diagnosis and treatment procedure of diseases. Moreover, you can perform certain qualitative and quantitative screening or examination tests of the human body. So, it sounds interesting, right? 

Moreover, it is an innovative and interesting degree to study after passing your intermediate or A-levels to get a variety of choices upon graduation. Hence, anyone who is interested in diagnosing a specific disease should opt for this amazing undergraduate programme of BS MLT in Pakistan.  

But the main point is to choose the best institute which is HEC-recognized and also, gives enough clinical exposure to every student. Hence, you should choose the Lahore University of Biological and Applied Sciences (Lahore-UBAS) for the BS in Medical Lab Technology because it has all the outstanding features available to you. 

BS MLT Subjects at Lahore UBAS 

Our university has set a very exclusive course curriculum for you to become one of the best medical lab technologists. Additionally, we have an affiliation with our Lahore-UBAS Teaching Hospital, which will help you build market-driven skills along with studying the following amazing subjects in our top-notch institute: 

  1. Clinical Chemistry 
  2. Microbiology 
  3. Haematology 
  4. Immunology 
  5. Pathology 
  6. Blood Banking 
  7. Molecular Diagnostics 
  8. Clinical Laboratory Management 
  9. Medical Ethics 

Furthermore, you will participate in lab work and clinical rotations to get practical field experience in the degree of BS MLT at our renowned educational institute. All these field activities will help you gain beneficial skills for your future. 

Skills Developed During BS MLT at Lahore-UBAS 

We provide all the advanced equipment in our laboratories for every student to practice in real-time. Ultimately, you will not only grasp proficiency in laboratory techniques but also develop all the vital analytical skills. So, these will include skills such as; problem-solving, data analysis, teamwork, leadership, effective communication, attention to detail, and ethical decision-making. 

Thus, you should enrol yourself at our university to get specialised learning in the field of medical laboratory technology. 

What Common Tests Does a Medical Technologist Perform? 

There are a whole lot of diseases which you can help diagnose with your expertise while working as a medical lab technologist. The variety of tests you can perform while analysing blood and other body fluids are as mentioned below: 

  • Complete Blood Count (CBC) 
  • Electrolyte Panel 
  • Blood Type 
  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) 
  • Semen Analysis 
  • Thyroid Functioning Test (TFT) 
  • Liver Functioning Test (LFT) 
  • Renal Functioning Test (RFT) 
  • Coagulation Profile 
  • Lipid Profile 
  • Blood Cultures Assessment 

Hence, it shows that this modern field of study can give you multiple specialisation options depending on your interest. 

What Specialisation Does BS MLT Offers? 

What Specialisation Does BS MLT Offers? 

After Graduation, you have to polish your skills in the direction of your choice of specialisation which can be any one of the following: 

  1. Clinical Chemist 
  2. Haematologist 
  3. Clinical Genetics Professional 
  4. Transfusion Scientist 
  5. Diagnostic Cytologist 
  6. Clinical Microbiologist 

Thus, this wide range of options shows the rising medical lab technology scope in Pakistan. 

Scope of BS MLT in Pakistan 

The scope of a Bachelor of Sciences (BS) in Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT) is very high and professionals with a BS MLT degree are in great demand. Furthermore, after graduation, you can work as a medical lab scientist in international government positions like the Food and Drug Association (FDA), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and others. 

Other than this, you can easily be employed in a variety of government and private hospitals, labs, industries and manufacturing units.  

Career Options After Graduation 

If you want to work side by side the other medical professionals, then this degree of BS MLT is the best choice for you. You can choose to be one of the following professionals in future: 

  1. Pharmaceutical Assessment Specialist 
  2. CT Scan Technician 
  3. Pathology Technician 
  4. MRI Expert 
  5. Renal Dialysis Technician 
  6. X-Ray Technician 
  7. Dental Machine Technician 
  8. Radiology Technician 
  9. Optical Lab Technician 
  10. Physiotherapy Technician 

So, you should not wait anymore and apply to our university for this undergraduate programme. 

Apply for BS MLT at Lahore-UBAS Right Now! 

Our seats are limited, and the degree programme is excellent for your future. Therefore, you should apply at the Lahore University of Biological and Applied Sciences (Lahore-UBAS) right away! You can either apply via our online admission portal or, you can also visit our university campus in Lahore for your registration for our fall admissions 2023. 

Learn About Dynamic Scope of Bachelor of Public Health

If you are looking for a degree with all the modern knowledge which focuses on disease prevention and management, then you should learn about the Bachelor of Public Health. It is right that a degree in nutrition is beneficial for the future, but you can enjoy more broader scope and job opportunities all around the world if you opt for a BS in Public Health instead of a nutrition or other life sciences course of study. 

Public Health and its Importance 

The science of preventing diseases, prolonging life and promoting health is called Public Health and due to certain on and off disease outbreaks, this has become a vital field of study. It is important to study public health as it aids in global health promotion in different sets of communities, populations or societies.  

Thus, you can use the 3 Ps (prevention, promotion and protection) to work in different specialised areas of Public Health. 

Areas of Public Health 

Changes are occurring at a rapid pace and the world needs to adapt to it. Therefore, many upgrades are happening in the field of science, one of them is public health. It is not a new field, but its importance is recently well recognised.  

During the COVID-19 outbreak, professionals with a Bachelor of Public Health or more advanced education played a very important role in regaining health globally. There has been a wide spread of many other infectious diseases like Ebola, and monkeypox both in Pakistan and overall the world.  

areas  of public health

Other than this, there have been many earthquakes and flood situations in the past 5 years which shows us how our public health is getting affected. Therefore, the areas which require professional attention included in the field of public health are as below: 

  1. Behaviour and Social Sciences 
  2. Epidemiology 
  3. Biostatistics and Informatics 
  4. Health Policy and Management 
  5. Maternal and Child Health  
  6. Environmental Health 
  7. Global Health 
  8. Health Promotion and Communication 

You can choose to specialise your skills to work in one of these areas but first, you should get a Bachelor of Public Health degree from an HEC-recognised university. 

Bachelor of Public Health at Lahore-UBAS 

If you are done with intermediate studies and looking for an undergraduate degree with all the future benefits, then you should study BS in Public Health. And what other institute can be better than the Lahore University of Biological Sciences (Lahore-UBAS)? No one, because we have designed every degree programme to cater to all your educational, as well as your practical needs in the field. 

Our Bachelor of Public Health is a four-year-long undergraduate programme. It will help you develop all the beneficial skills like problem-solving, analytical, research, leadership and much more along with the best teaching methodologies and practical exposure. You can learn more about our BS Public Health degree through our official website. 

Why Study Bachelor of Public Health Instead of Human Nutrition and Dietetics? 

As I have said earlier, public health will give you more broad career opportunities than a human nutrition and dietetics degree. But if you want to work in the field of nutrition, you should still opt for this degree because it will help you get job opportunities in the field of nutrition. So, you can work as a public health professional in a hospital or a nutrition care centre with BS Public Health.  

Additionally, you can work at a larger scale, in an international organisation as a project head, or a public health administrator. Moreover, you can become a part of big foundations or organisations such as the World Health Organisation (WHO), Centres of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), American Public Health Association (APHA), United Nations (UN) and others. 

Increased Scope of Bachelor of Public Health  

Public health professionals can have a positive change in millions of people’s lives through their knowledge and skills. You can easily work in a variety of sectors like non-profit organisations (NGOs), private/ government healthcare systems, educational institutes, and research centres.  

A common question people ask is, is public health hard to study? It is not, especially if you are interested in learning about a wide range of health intervention and wellness strategies. There are many benefits of studying public health because this field offers multiple career prospects for your bright future. 

Career Opportunities After Bachelor of Public Health 

As a public health graduate, you can work in the following roles for your career growth: 

  1. Nutrition Intervention Project Head 
  2. Lady Health Worker 
  3. Public Health Manager 
  4. Nutrition Guidelines Development Consultant 
  5. Chief Medical Officer 
  6. Disease Intervention Specialist 
  7. Epidemiologist 
  8. Clinical Infectious Disease Specialist 
  9. Nutrition Intervention Officer 
  10. Disease Eradication Officer 
  11. Government Programme Coordinator 
  12. Public Health Advisor 
  13. Healthcare Administrator 
  14. Researcher or Professor 

Furthermore, you can read this article for eligibility criteria and other details. 

Take Admission to Bachelor of Public Health at Lahore-UBAS 

Our registration for the degree of Bachelor of Public Health is open. So, you can apply online or visit us on-campus for our fall admissions 2023. 

Enrol with us to work as a public health professional right now! 

BS Biochemistry Can Help You Become a Pharmacologist

Faculty of Biosciences offers a four-year degree programme in biochemistry as BS Biochemistry. Fall admissions 2023 are open at Lahore-UBAS. You can apply today to get yourself an opportunity to earn a professional degree in the field of biology and chemistry. This article will explore the career opportunities and chances of growth if you want to pursue pharmacology. Hence, you can become a Pharmacologist with a BS in Biochemistry.  

What is BS Biochemistry? 

An undergraduate programme in the field of biological sciences focusing on the chemical processes in living organisms is called BS Biochemistry. The basic and advanced concepts of biology and chemistry are professionally combined.  

The fundamental concepts in biology, chemistry, and biochemistry are all covered in a variety of courses that make up the BS Biochemistry curriculum. General biology, general chemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, molecular biology, genetics, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, enzymology, and metabolism are among the subjects covered in the coursework.  

Additionally, laboratory classes may be part of the curriculum, giving students the opportunity to conduct experiments and examine biological molecules firsthand. Hence, the students get a solid and robust foundation for their education and lifelong journey.  

Opportunity to Attain Skills 

BS biochemistry is a four-year-long degree, which is subdivided into eight different semesters. In these semesters, students will get a chance to study a variety of subjects. Molecular biology, cell biology, boy fluids and functions, immunology, DNA technology, and Hormones are some of the subjects. You can surely check out the course content in detail from the course details of BS Biochemistry.  

In addition to the massive learning opportunities with a wide variety of subjects, BS Biochemistry offers an optimal chance to become a skilful person with your graduation. The students can learn the following skills that can lead them towards success.  

  • Laboratory Skills 
  • Critical Thinking 
  • Understanding of Biological & Chemical Principles 
  • Ability to Analyse and interpret the Experimental Data. 
  • Scientific Research  
  • Scientific Analysis 

Career Prospects Available After BS Biochemistry 

Once students complete their four-year BS Biochemistry, they can become any of the following as per their likes and preferences.  

Students can join: 

  1. Scientific Research and Development Services  
  2. Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing & Maintenance. 
  3. Trading & Supply 
  4. Academia in Colleges and Universities on national and international level.  

For more exposure, please visit the details here 

Development Options After BS Biochemistry

Become a Pharmacologist 

Pharmacologists examine, research, and develop new medicines and drugs. They also do the sample check. Furthermore, perform quality assurance and safety tests regarding medicines and drugs. In addition, use the advanced equipment to collect and process data.  

To join a pharmacology, students should have knowledge about biology and chemistry and their procedures. Therefore, studying a BS biochemistry fulfils the degree requirements ideally.  

Further Possibilities for Studies 

You can not only initiate your professional career with a degree in BS Biochemistry, but you can also continue your advanced education at graduate and doctoral levels of education. The students may go for MS biochemistry or MPhil in the relevant fields. Moreover, you can also pursue a PhD and research in the area of your interest.  

Lahore-UBAS offers Scholarships and Facilities 

Now that you know the effectiveness and broadness of BS Biochemistry, you may think about the reasons to choose Lahore-UBAS for study purposes. If you are thinking about this, keep reading the text below, as we have noted the reasons to choose Lahore-UBAS for investing your precious resources with us!  

  1. Lahore-UBAS is a part of the largest education network of Pakistan. 
  2. Lahore-UBAS Provides Massive & Multiple Scholarships 
  3. Well-Structured Campus 
  4. State-of-the-art & Latest Laboratories 
  5. Hostel & Cafeteria Facilities 
  6. Curricular & Extra-Curricular Activities 
  7. Experienced and Learned Faculty 
  8. HEC Approved Curriculum  

For scholarship purposes, you can visit our scholarship policy. For other facilities, you can visit the campus life 

Admissions 2023 Are Open 

Lahore-UBAS is accepting admission applications for 2023. BS Biochemistry is also the offered programme. You can apply through an online portal and process your application without hassle and with confidence.  

Final Call 

BS Biochemistry can be your ideal degree if you have an interest in the biological sciences and chemical procedures inside living beings. Take admission today to lead the field professionally tomorrow. You can become a Pharmacologist with a BS in Biochemistry. Admissions 2023 are open! Don’t miss a chance and apply before the procedure ends! 

Study Anaesthesia Technology for Promising Future in Medical Field

Have you always been eager to be a part of the surgical team but were not able to get admission in MBBS? Then you do not have to worry as you can opt for the degree in Anaesthesia Technology to work in government, private hospitals, and clinical setups. The undergraduate programme of BS Anaesthesia Technology at Lahore-UBAS will train you both academically and practically.  

Anaesthesia Technology 

The use of medicine to prevent pain during any surgical or other procedure is called anaesthesia and all the techniques and new technology used for it define the Anaesthesia Technology. The medicines used for it are known as anaesthetics and they can be in different forms such as; 

  1. Injections 
  2. Topical Lotions 
  3. Inhalation 
  4. Spray 
  5. Eye Drops 
  6. Skin Patches 

The anaesthetics are administered based on the procedure. Therefore, anaesthesia is divided into some categories. 

Types of Anaesthesia 

Anaesthesia Technology is a very interesting field which includes the following types: 

  1. Local Anaesthesia (numbs a small part of the body) 
  2. Regional Anaesthesia (it numbs a larger area of the body like below the waist, arm, leg etc.)
  3. General Anaesthesia (it affects the whole body, generally used for heart surgery, organ transplant etc.) 

All this information sounds interesting, right? Then just think how much you will learn with an undergraduate degree in anaesthesia technology. Furthermore, you should choose a university which provides an ample amount of hospital-based professional experience which you will get from the Lahore University of Biological and Applied Sciences (Lahore-UBAS).  

Why Should You Study BS Anaesthesia Technology at Lahore-UBAS? 

Whether you want to become a physiotherapist or a nutritionist to work in a medical setup, it is your chance to choose a degree with more clinical exposure and patient-care experience. As far as education is concerned, our university offers the most comprehensive curriculum for this four-year-long degree of BS in Anaesthesia Technology.  

It consists of a total of eight semesters, in which you will study all the amazing subjects, gain practical skills and enhance your professional experience. Because we provide hospital-based training for you to become one of the best anaesthetists in town.  

All-rounded BS Anaesthesia Technology Curriculum 

The syllabus of this degree is developed to teach you all the key points through our useful subjects. Lahore-UBAS not only offers top-notch subjects but also, many other features for you. 

Variety of Features at Lahore-UBAS 

As the name shows, Lahore University of Biological and Applied Sciences specialises in teaching all the medical and applied health sciences subjects. Furthermore, we have many other facilities available for you to have a well-rounded campus life, which are as mentioned below: 

  1. State-of-the-art Campus Building 
  2. Professional Faculty Members 
  3. Well-Equipped Science and Computer Labs 
  4. Multimedia Halls and Auditoriums 
  5. Libraries Accessible to Every Student 
  6. Student Clubs and Workshops Available 
  7. Well-Furnished Hostel Facility 
  8. Campus Mosque 

In addition to that, we have the opportunity for every student to gain abundant clinical experience by practising at our Lahore-UBAS Teaching Hospital. It is a multi-speciality hospital which will help you enhance your knowledge and polish your skills in real time. 

Multiple Scholarships Available 

At Lahore-UBAS, you can get one of the many scholarships after enrolment. I have mentioned all the different types of scholarship in the list below: 

  1. Merit-Based 
  2. Need-Based 
  3. For Specially Abled Persons 
  4. Kinship-based 
  5. Sports-based 
  6. Alumni-based (PGC student) 
  7. Contingency (death of father or guardian during studies) 

For more details, visit our official scholarship policy and the CGPA you have to maintain for your allotted scholarship percentage. 

Online Educational Resources 

If you are admitted to our university, then you will be able to fully access the HEC digital library anytime. Moreover, we give open access for our students to a lot of international medical and other journals. So, you can study any research article about your field or any other topic of your interest to increase your knowledge and also, to broaden your perspective. 

For more details, you can read this blog post about the degree of anaesthesia technology available at Lahore-UBAS. 

BS Anaesthesia Technology Eligibility Criteria 

You should have at least 45% marks in the intermediate result or A-levels to be eligible to apply to our bachelor’s programme in Anaesthesia Technology. Now, you must want to know, if you should enrol in this undergraduate programme or not. Therefore, I have mentioned the scope in the content below. 

Scope of Anaesthesia Technology in Pakistan 

If you have done intermediate in pre-medical and now, want to pursue a career in the medical field, but you are not sure which specialisation will benefit you the most. Then you should join our BS Anaesthesia Technology without any worry.  

Because in the last decade, there has been a massive increase in the scope of this field of anaesthesia technology in Pakistan and worldwide. Every hospital (both government and private), clinic, and emergency centre is looking for the best professional anaesthesia technologist.  

Scope of Anaesthesia Technology in Pakistan 

Moreover, you can enjoy the following benefits with this bachelor’s programme: 

  • Job Security 
  • High Earning Potential 
  • Opportunity to Learn something new every day 
  • Increased demand for Anaesthesiologist  

Anaesthesiologist – A Promising Career 

An anaesthesiologist is a perioperative care professional who deals with the monitoring and supervision of a patient, before, during and after the surgery. They are responsible for administering anaesthesia procedures ensuring optimal patient safety. Moreover, an anaesthesiologist has specialities in anaesthesia care, pain management and critical care medicine. 

So, if you choose to study this interesting field, then you will be able to benefit from a lot of job opportunities available for your career growth. Additionally, this profession pays fairly as per the worldwide search results.  

Apply at BS Anaesthesia Technology Admission 2023 

Our fall admissions 2023 are open for this degree in anaesthesia. So, if you are interested, then you should apply online or visit our university campus right now! 

Lahore University of Biological & Applied Sciences